Scientific Name: Cymbopogon citratus
Also knows as:
Brazil: Capim-cidrao, Capim-santo; Egypt: tanglad; English: tanglad, Citronella, Squinant; Ethiopia: Tej-sar Hindi: Sera, Verveine; Indonesian: Sereh; Italian: Cimbopogone; Malaysia: Sakumau; Mexico: Zacate limon; Swedish: Citrongräss; Thailand: Ta-khrai; Turkish: Limon out; USA and UK: Citronella
Tanglad (Cymbopogon citratus), is a native herb from warm regions such as India, Philippines and Malaysia, is widely used in Asian cooking and is an ingredient in many Thai and Vietnamese foods. Tanglad use in cooking has become popular in the Caribbean and in the United States for its aromatic citrus flavor with a trace of ginger.
Tanglad is a member of a specie of grass that grows to as high as 1 meter with leaves of 1 to 1.5 centimeters in width that grows from a stalk of about 30 to 80 cm long with bulbous lower end. Tanglad is a perennial and tufted grass that is commercially cultivated in Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Malaysia and China. tanglad is also cultivated in United States specifically in California and Florida. Propagation is by dividing the root clumps.
Tanglad oil has a lemony, sweet smell and is dark yellow to amber and reddish in color that is extracted by distillation. Tanglad is also known as ‘choomana poolu’ and is also referred to as ‘Indian Verbena’ or ‘Indian M`elissa oil’. tanglad oil is a valuable ingredient in cosmetics, perfumes and as fragrances for soaps and insect repellants.
Tanglad is reportedly has a wide variety of therapeutic application and health benefits. With limited research and studies conducted on humans, tanglad’s effectiveness is based mainly on the results from animal and laboratory studies as well as its reputation as a folk remedy.
Tanglad Traditional Medicinal Uses
Tanglad is largely used in traditional herbal medicine for various conditions.
Tanglad as herbal Tea: (Taken 1 cup every 8 hours)
- for gastrointestinal problems stomachaches,
- diarrhea, gas, bowel spasms, vomiting,
- fever, the flu, and headaches
Tanglad oil mixed with other essential oils such as coconut oil is used as a liniment for
- back pains,
- neuralgia, sprains and
- other body pains.
Tanglad oil mixed with other essential oils such as lavender or jasmine oil
- used in baths or vapor scents, can revitalize the body and relieve the symptoms of jet lag, headaches, anxiety and stress related exhaustion.
Tanglad is used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine to treat fevers and infectious illnesses.
Tanglad is also used in Chinese medicine to treat colds and rheumatism..
To treat circulatory disorders, some authorities recommend rubbing a few drops of tanglad oil on the skin of affected areas; it is believed to work by improving blood flow.
Tanglad has natural anti-microbial properties, is an antiseptic, suitable for use on various types of skin infections, usually as a wash or compress, and is especially effective on ringworm, infected sores. Acne and athlete’s foot
Tanglad is effective in killing cancer cells.
It is useful with respiratory infections such as sore throats, laryngitis and fever and helps prevent spreading of infectious diseases.
Tanglad is also used as an insect repellant. It helps to keep pets clean of fleas, ticks and lice.
In Asia and Africa, tanglad is used as antiseptic, antitussive, and anti-rheumatic and to treat backache, sprains, and hemoptysis. Infusions of tanglad leaves are used in alternative medicine as sedative, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory.
In some African countries, Tanglad is used to treat diabetes.
– Medical Health Guide